Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala is Out . Download Now from Ubuntu Website. After Installation Just Tweak the ubuntu for more prettier performance. New installer, new artwork (themes, icons, wallpapers, login screen), ext4 filesystem, grub2, new software versions (Gnome 2.28.1, Firefox 3.5.3), the anticipated Software Center (instant access to thousands of free and open-source applications) and many many other improvements, bug fixes and changes are presented in Ubuntu 9.10.
Download Ubuntu 9.10 , install it or upgrade from the previous Ubuntu 9.04 and let’s get started. Some Essential Post Installation Things to do after Ubuntu 9.10 for better performance and feel . Let’s get started!
Unlock Restricted Extras on Ubuntu 9.10
The Ubuntu Restricted Extras will install Adobe Flash Player, Java Runtime Environment (JRE) (sun-java-jre) with Firefox plug-ins (icedtea), a set of Microsoft Fonts (msttcorefonts), multimedia codecs (w32codecs or w64codecs), mp3-compatible encoding (lame), FFMpeg, extra Gstreamer codecs, the package for DVD decoding (libdvdread4, but see below for info on libdvdcss2), the unrar archiver, odbc, and cabextract. It also installs multiple “stripped” codecs and avutils (libavcodec-unstripped-52 and libavutil-unstripped-49). This is a single command approach. On Linux Command Shell Type
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
Audio and Video Playback on Ubuntu 9.10
Playing a Video (XVid, DivX etc.) or Audio (MP3) file has become essential and easy. Just double click the file, Totem Player will automatically download the needed codecs. But the codes can be installed manually. Just look above at Ubuntu Restricted Extras.
To play encrypted DVDs install libdvdcss2 is a must. In Ubuntu 9.10, just like Ubuntu 9.04, there is no need to manually configure the Medibuntu repository. If you have previously installed Ubuntu Restricted Extras skip the following command. If you haven’t open a terminal and type:
sudo apt-get install libdvdread4
Next Type :
Mplayer and smplayer (mplayer’s GUI) for video playback in Karmic Koala. It supports almost any video type, external subtitles as well as DVD playback as long as you have the needed codecs installed as shown previously. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install mplayer smplayer
Video Lan Client (VLC) is a multimedia player that plays anything you want. VLC supports many formats without need for additional codecs. Simply install it by typing:
sudo apt-get install vlc vlc-plugin-pulse
K9copy is a free open source DVD backup, copying, compression, and authoring utility that requires libdvdcss. For other info, see this or this guide. You can easily create MPEG-2. MPEG-4, or DVD videos with this utility. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install k9copy
DVD::Rip is a DVD backup/copy program, written in GTK-based perl, that uses the transcode video/audio processing and conversion tools. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install dvdrip rar
DeVeDe is a program to create video DVDs and CDs suitable for home players (i.e. VCD, sVCD or CVD) from any source video file that is supported by MPlayer.
Sun Java Runtime Environment (JRE) and Firefox Java Plugin
JRE used to run java based programmes in your browser like Webex . The JRE is directly installed from Sun Website. Close Firefox if it’s running, open a terminal and type:
sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin
Sun Java Development Kit (JDK)
If you want to build applications, applets, and components using the Java programming language you need to install JDK.
sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jdk
Google Earth lets you fly anywhere on Earth to view satellite imagery, maps, terrain, 3D buildings, from galaxies in outer space to the canyons of the ocean. You can explore rich geographical content, save your toured places, and share with others. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install googleearth-package make-googleearth-package --force sudo dpkg -i googleearth*.deb
Compiz Fusion on Ubuntu 9.10
Compiz Fusion allows you to use advanced desktop effects such as the rotating cube desktop. Nice 3D desktop Effects and Nice Visual Effect on the move.
sudo apt-get install compiz compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-fusion-plugins-main compiz-fusion-plugins-extra emerald librsvg2-common fusion-icon
Run Applications -> System Tools -> Compiz Fusion Icon. A blue icon will appear to the tray. From here you can configure Compiz-Fusion.
Conky is a light-weight system monitor for X, that displays any information on your desktop.
sudo apt-get install conky
Screenlets are small applications that are laying on your desktop. Eye candy stuff and useful in many ways. Just type:
sudo apt-get install screenlets
Go to Applications -> Accessories –> Screenlets choose the screenlet you want click launch/add (you can choose Auto start on login)
You can download additional screenlets from www.gnome-look.org or screenlets.org from http://screenlets.org/index.php/Category:UserScreenlets
XChat IRC Client for Ubuntu 9.10
XChat is an IRC chat program for both Linux and Windows. It allows you to join multiple IRC channels (chat rooms) at the same time, talk publicly, private one-on-one conversations etc. Even file transfers are possible. For install type:
sudo apt-get install xchat
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> XChat IRC
Ubuntu 9.10 uses empathy as its default IM (Instant Messaging) client. A few others IMs are:
aMSN is an MSN Messenger utility that functions like the original client. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install amsn
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> aMSN
Emesene is an MSN messenger client that uses a simplified interface similar to the original client a great tool for msn people. To install it type
sudo apt-get install emesene
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> Emesene
Skype is a proprietary integrated VOIP and video conferencing program similar to Ekiga. It is a very nice tool for video chat in linux. And many users are using Skype.
sudo apt-get install skype
Deluge is a lightweight, Free Software, cross-platform BitTorrent client. Nice for Download Torrents.
sudo apt-get install deluge
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> Deluge BitTorrent client
Vuze is the next version of Azureus . High Speed Full featured Torrent Client in Linux. To install it on Karmic type:
sudo apt-get install vuze