This Guide is completely Copied from my-guides.net. I am keeping this info for my reference because I am a frequent ubuntu installer I need this guide everyday.
Ubuntu developers released the latest and greatest Linux OS codenamed Lucid Lynx with Long Term Support for two years. The new version loads faster than Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala, is more social, allows you to easily manage and edit your photos, videos and documents and of course has a lot of bug fixes and software updates. This Post Installation Guide of Lucid Lynx deals with the necessary and essential tools that must be loaded after the installation for a power user.
Download Ubuntu 10.04
You can download Ubuntu 10.04 cd or dvd from ubuntu repositories. The latest ubuntu comes with a windows installer. kubuntu [kde ubuntu] download, xubutu [xfce ubuntu] download, edubuntu[ education ubuntu ] download, Lubuntu[LXDE ubuntu] download are also available.
Ubuntu Restricted Extras
The Ubuntu Restricted Extras will install Adobe Flash Player, Java Runtime Environment (JRE) (sun-java-jre) with Firefox plug-ins (icedtea), a set of Microsoft Fonts (msttcorefonts), multimedia codecs (w32codecs or w64codecs), mp3-compatible encoding (lame), FFMpeg, extra Gstreamer codecs, the package for DVD decoding (libdvdread4, but see below for info on libdvdcss2), the unrar archiver, odbc, and cabextract. It also installs multiple “stripped” codecs and avutils (libavcodec-unstripped-52 and libavutil-unstripped-49). This is a single command approach.
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
Installation only works completely and properly when done from the command-line Terminal. The entire package will not usually install completely from within a Package Manager.
Playing a Video (XVid, DivX etc.) or Audio (MP3) file has become pretty easy. Just double click the file you want and allow Totem to automatically download the needed codecs. But you could also do this by yourself very easily by installing a package which contains all the needed codecs and more. Just look above at Ubuntu Restricted Extras.
To play encrypted DVDs you must install libdvdcss2. In Ubuntu 10.04 there is no need to manually configure the Medibuntu repository. If you have previously installed Ubuntu Restricted Extras skip the following command. If you haven’t open a terminal and type:
sudo apt-get install libdvdread4
Mplayer and smplayer (mplayer’s GUI) are best for handle video playback. It supports almost any video type, external subtitles as well as DVD playback as long as you have the needed codecs installed as shown previously. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install mplayer smplayer
You will find it under Applications -> Video & Sound -> SMPlayer
VLC Media Player
Many users prefer the Video Lan Client (VLC) as their multimedia player. VLC supports all formats without need for additional codecs. The universal player that plays anything you want .Simply install it by typing:
sudo apt-get install vlc vlc-plugin-pulse
K9copy is a free open source DVD backup, copying, compression, and authoring utility that requires libdvdcss. For other info, see this or this guide. You can easily create MPEG-2. MPEG-4, or DVD videos with this utility. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install k9copy
DVD::Rip is a DVD backup/copy program, written in GTK-based perl, that uses the transcode video/audio processing and conversion tools. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install dvdrip
Sun Java Development Kit (JDK)
If you want to build applications, applets, and components using the Java programming language you need to install JDK.
sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jdk
Google Earth lets you fly anywhere on Earth to view satellite imagery, maps, terrain, 3D buildings, from galaxies in outer space to the canyons of the ocean. You can explore rich geographical content, save your toured places, and share with others. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install googleearth-package make-googleearth-package --force sudo dpkg -i googleearth*.deb
Afterwards you will find Google Earth under Applications > Internet > Google Earth
Chromium is Google’s open source web browser and it’s fast. You should give it a try. To install first you must add the gpg key:
sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com 4E5E17B5
Next You will have to add the following chromium-daily repo to your 3rd party repository list. Go to System – Administration – Software Sources, select the Other Software tab and Click ADD.
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/chromium-daily/ppa/ubuntu lucid main
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install chromium-browser
Now you will find it under Applications > Internet > Chromium Web Browser.
Eye Candy for Ubuntu 10.04
Compiz Fusion allows you to use advanced desktop effects such as the rotating cube desktop.
sudo apt-get install compiz compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-fusion-plugins-main compiz-fusion-plugins-extra emerald librsvg2-common fusion-icon
Run Applications -> System Tools -> Compiz Fusion Icon. A blue icon will appear to the tray. From here you can configure Compiz-Fusion.
Conky is a light-weight system monitor for X, that displays any information on your desktop.
sudo apt-get install conky
Screenlets are small applications that are laying on your desktop. Eye candy stuff and useful in many ways. Just type:
sudo apt-get install screenlets
Go to Applications -> Accessories –> Screenlets choose the screenlet you want click launch/add (you can choose Auto start on login)
You can download additional screenlets from www.gnome-look.org or screenlets.org from http://screenlets.org/index.php/Category:UserScreenlets
Cairo Dock is a light eye-candy fully themable animated dock for any Linux desktop. It has a family-likeness with OSX dock, but with more options.
sudo apt-get install cairo-dock cairo-dock-plug-ins
You will find it under Applications > Accessories > Cairo Dock
GNOME Do (Do) is an intelligent launcher tool that makes performing common tasks on your computer simple and efficient. Do not only allows you to search for items in your desktop environment (e.g. applications, contacts, bookmarks, files, music), it also allows you to specify actions to perform on search results (e.g. run, open, email, chat, play).
sudo apt-get install gnome-do
You will find it under Applications > Accessories > Cairo Dock
XChat is an IRC chat program for both Linux and Windows. It allows you to join multiple IRC channels (chat rooms) at the same time, talk publicly, private one-on-one conversations etc. Even file transfers are possible.
sudo apt-get install xchat
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> XChat IRC
Ubuntu 9.10 uses empathy as its default IM (Instant Messaging) client. A few others IMs are:
Pidgin is an open source IM application. It is the previous default in the Ubuntu (Gnome) desktop.
sudo apt-get install pidgin
aMSN is an MSN Messenger utility that functions like the original client. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install amsn
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> aMSN
Emesene is an MSN messenger client that uses a simplified interface similar to the original client. To install it type
sudo apt-get install emesene
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> Emesene
Skype is a proprietary integrated VOIP and video conferencing program similar to Ekiga. To install skype on Ubuntu 10.04 just click on the Ubuntu 8.10+ 32bit version or Ubuntu 8.10+ 64 bit version. Download skype
Transmission is the default BitTorrent client in Ubuntu 9.10. Here are some additional clients if you want to try them.
Deluge is a lightweight, Free Software, cross-platform BitTorrent client.
sudo apt-get install deluge
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> Deluge BitTorrent client
Vuze is the next version of Azureus. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install vuze
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> Vuze
Ubuntu has a graphical configuration tool for enabling read/write on NTFS partitions, either from a Windows/Linux dual boot system or from external hard disks. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install ntfs-config
Run it through System -> Administration -> NTFS Configuration Tool.
NTFS-Config will auto detect your NTFS partitions and afterwards you can enable write support for them. The will be mounted under /media.
This make Ubuntu 10.04 a great OS for developers and end users with cool experiance. For Installing apt-get you need a broad band internet connection in your computer.