Most linux distributions are free to choose and download. That is you can download and install any linux distribution free of cost. There are available lot many and new ones are added into the list everyday.
Ubuntu is the most popular distribution available today. Lot of awesome features are added everyday. It is available for a mobile phone to a super computer. That is a mobile version, net-book version, desktop version, cloud server etc ..it is the most popular distribution, a favorite of both new peoples and more experienced users.
Ubuntu was originally launched in 2004 and created by Mark Shuttleworth founder of canonical . There is a large development and support community, and updates are released every 6 months. Other pro’s are its extensive documentation and desktop themes. Uses APT and DEB files for package management.
- Edubuntu – for Educational Purpose
- Ubuntu studio – For a professional Audio Recording, Video Editing Studio
- Kubuntu – For KDE Desktop [More like Windows 7]
- Ubuntu Netbook Remix – For Netbooks
- Xubuntu – Ubuntu with XFCE Desktop
- Mythubuntu – For Myth TV – Ubuntu for TV Viewers
- Lubuntu – Ubuntu With LXDE Support. – For Slower system with Less Resource Greedy Ubuntu
- Ubuntu Ultimate Edition – The Ultimate Linux Operating System with every software and possibilities.
Ubuntu is coming with cutting edge technology every time. The version 10.04 is come with integrated social networking support in OS. That is you can connect your twitter,facebook,identi.ca accounts from ubuntu. The latest version 10.10 Maverick Meerkat is coming with multitouch and gesture stack.
A live CD is available to test ubuntu without install it into your computer. That is the ubuntu is completely boot from a CD and you can use it for testing.
Fedora is the fork of Redhat Enterprize linux started on 2004. Fedora is supported by Redhat INC. The official Redhat Enterprize Linux is the commercial product and the free version is Fedora. Fedora is particularly strong on enterprise features, and it often offers them before RHEL does. Fedora also offers a six-month release schedule, and its security features are excellent. Fedora offers the cutting edge linux softwares on every releases. All the new features are included in Fedora as it released. Due to that Fedora is always more buggy than Ubuntu. But they are corrected with fast updates and fixes.
Fedora uses RPM for package management, with a YUM graphical and command line interface. There are lot of fedora remixes [spins] are available based of various requirement.
- Fedora Electronics Lab – For high-end hardware design and simulation platform.
- Fedora Games – A perfect show-case of the best games available in Fedora.
- Fedora Design Suite – The Design Suite features a host of free and open source tools chosen by the Fedora Design
- Fedora Security – Security analysis tools.
- Fedora Sugar on a Stick [SoaS] – featuring Sugar Learning Platform and designed to fit on an ordinary USB thumbdrive
- Fedora Moblin – The future of the mobile internet. and for Netbooks.
A live DVD with all the softwares are available for download. Fedora is a complete developer distribution with cutting edge softwares all the time.
Linux Mint is started on 2006 by Clement Lefebvre. It is completely based on UBUNU. So we can say that it is a remix of ubuntu. All the features available in Ubuntu are available on Linux mint also. It features Mint system management tools like, mintDesktop – for configuring the desktop environment, mintMenu – for easier navigation, mintInstall – for easier software installation, and mintUpdate. Package management is APT with mintInstall using DEB packages.
Mint is well-versed for ease of use and customization. So mint is a good start for a newcomer in linux world. It also includes some proprietary multimedia codecs that are often absent from larger distributions, thereby enhancing its hardware compatibility. Mint doesn’t have a fixed release schedule, but typically a new version comes out shortly after each stable Ubuntu release.
openSUSE is a distribution supported by Novell. It was started in 1992 by Roland Dyroff, Thomas Fehr, Hubert Mantel and Burchard Steinbild. It is the free version of for Novell’s SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server products. The package’s administration utility, YaST, is widely acknowledged as one of the best, and its boxed edition comes with some of the best printed documentation you’ll find for any distro. Lot of Propitiatory packages like LinDVD are available with openSUSE. openSUSE also uses YaST graphical and command line utility with RPM packages.
Novell also providing an interface called SUSE Studio to build your own custom linux based on selected packages by You. In this website you can build your custom linux based upon openSUSE.
Debian is the base Linux of many distributions. It is Launched in 1993 by Ian Murdock. This is perhaps, one of the most stable OS’s, and that is due in part to its development cycle. There are unstable, testing and stable versions. Since the stable version is only released every 1-3 years, those who want are expecting the latest and most updated packages, won’t get it here. Software is managed with APT using DEB packages.
Mandriva is formerly known as Mandrake, Mandriva is notable for its cutting-edge software, excellent administration suite and 64-bit edition. It was also the first major distribution to jump on the netbook bandwagon with out-of-the box support. It initially was derived from Red Hat Linux and, as such, continues to use the RPM package management architecture. As DistroWatch notes, Mandriva’s “best loved features are cutting edge software, superb system administration suite (DrakConf), excellent implementation of its 64-bit edition, and extensive internationalization support.”
Nevertheless, Mandriva has been struggling lately as a result of some controversial decisions made by its French maker. It recently restructured, with the result that some view the future of its community version as uncertain.
PCLinuxOS It is another community-supported Linux project, PCLinuxOS is based on a mixture of packages derived from Fedora, OpenSUSE, and Mandriva, plus others of its own creation. Additionally, the project utilizes a number of packages derived from the Ubuntu, Debian, PLD, and Charka repositories. Interestingly, although PCLinuxOS’s package management architecture uses the RPM format (as do Fedora, OpenSUSE and Mandriva), its default package manager is a version of Debian’s APT (advanced package management) utility, modified to work with RPMs. From the desktop environment perspective, PCLinuxOS is available preconfigured with one of the broadest sets of alternatives: KDE, GNOME, GNOME ZenMini, Xfce, OpenBox, and Enlightenment.
Italian Sabayon is essentially a LiveCD version of Gentoo, which is known for allowing users to individually optimize each component. Both are considered advanced Linux distributions aimed primarily at experienced users.
Arch Linux is another package aimed primarily at experienced users interested in tweaking and optimizing their systems. Though not in the top 10 currently, Slackware is similarly oriented toward Linux gurus.
CentOS is highly popular because it’s essentially a clone of Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), but with Red Hat’s proprietary bits (e.g. Red Hat’s name, logo, and images) removed. Of course, it also come without Red Hat’s updates and technical support. But if you want RHEL and don’t want to pay for it, CentOS may be a good choice. By tracking RHEL, CentOS provides a more conservative, stable release than what’s found in Fedora’s cutting-edge packages, which accounts for CentOS’s popularity among sysadmins of infrastructure systems (e.g. servers) at penny-pinching enterprises and organizations. Like RHEL, CentOS offers a choice of mature, polished GNOME and KDE desktop environments and uses RPM package management utilities. Additionally, since it’s an RHEL clone, CentOS can be expected to be binary-compatible with its alter ego.
Puppy Linux is a compact distro that’s ideal for older hardware and situations where computing resources are minimal. (Damn Small Linux, incidentally, is similar.) Though it has a small footprint, Puppy is still full-featured and includes a variety of configuration and application installation wizards. The whole OS is small enough to run directly from system RAM, so applications start quickly and respond to user input instantly.
For details on literally hundreds of other currently active Linux distributions, head over to DistroWatch. Watch for reviews on each of these distributions here at LinuxTrends.com over the coming weeks.
- 5 Popular Linux OS Distributions (techosolutions.wordpress.com)
- “Official” Fedora Linux Remix for Raspberry Pi arrives (zdnet.com)
- A-Z Linux Commands (techosolutions.wordpress.com)
- Ubuntu 14.04 LTS is here — Linux fans, download it now! (betanews.com)