Fedora, One of the most respected Linux distributions, sponsored by the billion dollar Open Source Giant Red Hat, turns 10 years old in development. Fedora is always a developers distro with cutting edge Open Source Technologies. So is the the favorite flavor for top kernel programmers, including Linus Torvalds himself. Fedora is created for getting community support for Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). RHEL is now branched from fedora with all stable software.
Fedora is the cutting edge Operating System with all the cutting edge open source changes. The developers of fedora always going upstream so that everyone benefits from their work including products like Ubuntu. This is a double sided sword. Users of fedora always get fresh technology with fresh errors. So getting a bug in fedora is common.
Fedora always promote free software only. Users will get software which are available under FLOSS licenses.
Fedora was born when Red Hat decided to split its Operating sytem between fast paced innovation and stability. Red Hat needed a model where they can sustain without adding any non-free software to their offering and remain fully free software.
There already existed a Linux distribution named Fedora Linux, a community driven collaborative project, was started by Warren Togami in 2002 which was built on top of Red Hat to get third party package for Red Hat users.
The first fedora is Fedora Core 1 and was released on 6th Novermber 2003. Fedora Core 1 was based on Red Hat Linux 9 and had Linux kernel 2.4.19 and Gnome 2.4 and KDE 3.1 as the available desktop environments.
The core means it contains core packages needed by the operating system, and other additional packages, were developed and maintained only for Red Hat developers. 3rd party packages were made available through Extras repository which were not included on the DVD and CD of Fedora Core. Now RPM Fusion is a kind of single repository which offers add-on packages to Fedora users.
From Fedora 7 the core is droped now it is just Fedora. The Fedora 20 is the coming release on this December and it is codenamed “Heisenbug”. Spins are the special distributions based on fedora like blends in debian and buntus in Ubuntu. There are 11 spins with various type of packing. You can download them from http://spins.fedoraproject.org/ .
The default desktop in Fedora is the GNOME desktop environment, with Fedora offering the GNOME Shell as its default interface since the release of Fedora 15. Other supported DEs are the KDE Plasma Workspaces, Xfce, and LXDE, MATE and Cinnamon.
Celebrating its 10th anniversary Fedora Project Team says:
Fedora is more than just a project; it functions as a microcosm of the wider open source ecosystem, with a committed community driving innovation at a pace unmatched by other Linux distributions. The project also helps drive the future of Red Hat and enterprise open source, serving as the upstream for Red Hat Enterprise Linux. If you love a specific feature in Red Hat Enterprise Linux, the odds are good that Fedora was the catalyst for that capability.
Red Hat has proved that free software can become a billion dollar business without making any compromises with the core philosophy of free software.
Happy birthday Fedora!