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XAMPP is a fantastic utility for webdevelopers in various platforms. It works on Ubuntu, Fedora, Windows, Mac etc… A developer will get a same environment and same commands in all operating systems. XAMPP is created by ApacheFriends. In Ubuntu 12.04 it is a great platform with power pack.
XAMPP 1.7.7 Installation on Ubuntu 12.04
Installting XAMPP is just a breeze. Download the latest stable file extract it to opt and start it.
Download XAMPP Linux 1.7.7
- Go to a Linux shell and login as the system administrator root:su
- Extract the downloaded archive file to /opt:
tar xvfz xampp-linux-1.7.7.tar.gz -C /opt
Warning:Please use only this command to install XAMPP. DON’T use any Microsoft Windows tools to extract the archive, it won’t work.
Install XAMPP Using PPA
Open the terminal and run these commands to install XAMPP 1.7.7 in Ubuntu 12.04/11.10:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:upubuntu-com/web
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install xampp
That is it . Your XAMPP is on the opt directory. You can now start XAMPP with this command:
sudo /opt/lampp/lampp start
Then start your web browser and go to localhost
If your XAMPP is working successfully then you will see this page:
The root directory of PHP projects is
If you want to store your files in the home directory, you can simply create a directory called public_html with this command:
Link now this folder to your root web directory with this command:
sudo ln -s ~/public_html /opt/lampp/htdocs/$USER
You can now move your files and projects in the public_html folder located in the home directory. Then access them at this address:
NOTE: Replace “username” with your own user name.
Commands for XAMPP
To stop XAMPP, use this command:
sudo /opt/lampp/lampp stop
To restart XAMPP:
sudo /opt/lampp/lampp restart
MySQL administrator username is root without password.
ProFTPD uses lampp as password and nobody as user.
To start Apache:
sudo /opt/lampp/lampp startapache
To stop Apache:
sudo /opt/lampp/lampp stopapache
- To start MySQL:
sudo /opt/lampp/lampp startmysql
- To stop MySQL:
sudo /opt/lampp/lampp stopmysql
|IMPORTANT FILES AND DIRECTORIES|
|/opt/lampp/bin/||The XAMPP commands home. /opt/lampp/bin/mysql calls for example the MySQL monitor.|
|/opt/lampp/htdocs/||The Apache DocumentRoot directory.|
|/opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf||The Apache configuration file.|
|/opt/lampp/etc/my.cnf||The MySQL configuration file.|
|/opt/lampp/etc/php.ini||The PHP configuration file.|
|/opt/lampp/etc/proftpd.conf||The ProFTPD configuration file. (since 0.9.5)|
|/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php||The phpMyAdmin configuration file.|
For more commands and details, check this page.
To uninstall XAMPP 1.7.7, run this command:
sudo apt-get remove xampp
Then restart your computer to kill any running XAMPP daemon.